The moon's sometimes larger look when it is close to the horizon is an optical illusion.

The moon's sometimes larger look when it is close to the horizon is an optical illusion.

Misconception
Phases of the Moon are caused by a shadow from the Earth, clouds, or the Earth's or Moon's rotation.

Reality
Our perspective of the Moon's sunlit appearance changes as it orbits Earth.


Misconception
Different countries see different phases of the Moon on the same day.

Reality
Everyone sees the same phases of the Moon, but people south of the equator who face North to see the Moon when it is high in the sky will see the Moon upside down so that the reverse side is lit.


Misconception
The Moon goes around the Earth in a single day.

Reality
It takes about a month for the Moon to orbit Earth (27.3 days to complete a revolution, but 29.5 days to change from New Moon to New Moon).


Misconception
The Moon makes its own light (the same way the Sun does).

Reality
The Moon reflects the light of the Sun, just as the planets do. In fact, the bright part of the Moon is experiencing daytime.


Misconception
The Moon does not rotate.

Reality
The Moon does spin on its axis, completing a rotation once every 27.3 days; the confusion is caused because it also takes the same period to orbit the Earth, so that it keeps the same side facing us.


Misconception
The same half of the Moon is in darkness all the time-i.e. that there is a dark side of the Moon.

Reality
The Moon has no side that is constantly dark; the front and back are alternately lit as the Moon rotates. Far side is a more accurate term.


Misconception: The Moon has no gravity; things float "up" when dropped on the Moon.

Reality: The Moon does have gravity, but because it has less mass than the Earth, it has 1/6 of Earth's gravity at its surface.


Misconception
The Moon is only visible at night.

Reality
We frequently see the Moon in the day; the only phases of the Moon that cannot be seen in the day are full moon (which is usually only visible at night) and the new moon (which is not visible from Earth at all).


Misconception
The Moon becomes larger on the horizon because it is closer to Earth.

Reality
This is an optical illusion. For reasons not fully understood by astronomers or psychologists, low-hanging moons look unnaturally large when they beam through trees, building or other foreground objects.

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